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Third Sunday of Easter, Year B, April 19, 2015
Lectionary Index #47

Twenty-second digests for the congregation: Arrange with your liturgy committee to have these brief historical introductions read to the assembly before you do each reading.

Who should announce these before the first and second readings, and before the gospel acclamation? A good solution: Let the presider say them from the chair. Let the lector turn toward the presider and listen.
Print this page, cut it at the blue lines, and give the introduction paragraphs to the person who will speak them.


Third Sunday of Easter, Year B, April 19, 2015
Before the first reading:

The book of Acts tells Gentile converts how their new religion go started. Here the author depicts an early challenge to Jews to embrace Jesus as the fulfillment of their hopes.
After the psalm, before the second reading:

The community of John had dissident members who preached a weak doctrine of Jesus, who claimed to special knowledge of God, and who did not practice Jesus' commandment to love one another. This letter tries to heal the wounds caused by these members in the community.
Before the gospel acclamation:

The same author who gave us the book of acts gives us this gospel. He depicts Jesus reassuring doubtful disciples, and connecting their heritage to the startling events of their present.

First reading, Acts 3:13-15, 17-19 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

The Historical Situation: The Acts of the Apostles comes to us from the pen of the evangelist Saint Luke. On the recent Fourth Sunday of Advent, Lector's Notes paraphrased the introduction to Luke's works by scholar Jerome Kodell, O.S.B, in The Collegeville Bible Commentary -- New Testament (Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, 1992): Now, read this passage like a cosmopolitan, middle-class Gentile in a skeptical society. Yes, you probably are all of the above. Now put yourself in the late first century, somewhere between Greece and Syria. Pretend you've recently joined the Christians. This reading tells you two kinds of things: Proclaiming It: The first sentence is long. Its principal verb is right in the center, "glorified." So read it slowly and emphasize the expression "glorified his servant Jesus."

Then you have a chance to emphasize a main theme of Acts in the phrase "God raised him from the dead; of this we are witnesses."

An Oratorical Suggestion: Many lectors I've heard give me the impression they're trying to be modest and self-effacing, wanting the congregation to notice not the speaker but the speech. That worthy goal seems reasonable, not letting the messenger get in the way of the message. Many lectors seem to want to convey this by refraining from sounding theatrical. They forget that the acoustics of their churches work to dampen further any expressiveness that might linger in their voices.

Were we all pure spirits, that would work perfectly. If we were monks or scholars studying scripture in libraries, with dispassionate scientific objectivity, we'd all the get message clearly without help from a fellow creature. But that's not the way it works in a sacramental religion. As inefficient as it is, God has chosen human flesh and human means of communication to get the saving truth to us. We're saved not by ideas but by events, events that were startling and unpredictable. Such events can only be communicated as stories, and stories told in a bloodless way have no impact. The messenger's excitement about the message is essential to the communication. You don't "catch" faith from books, even from inspired books. You catch it from already faithful people, and not from the ones who hide their lights under a basket.

Now you're a lector serving a congregation of human beings who want to grow in faith. For a few minutes this Sunday, God wants to use your voice, your spirit and your flesh, to tell a story of saving events. Well, tell this story like Peter told it. Peter, whom the gospels do not hesitate to describe as impetuous, argumentative and fearful to the point that he denied even knowing Jesus, is bellowing out this speech to explain how he just cured a cripple. He's full of passion for Jesus and the spread of the gospel. Don't hesitate to try to sound like him. Take the lead among lectors in your parish. Try it, reflect on the outcome, and, if you wish, share the results here.

Second Reading, 1 John 2:1-5a [Jerusalem Bible translation]

The Historical Situation: Last week's general introduction to 1 John seemed, to the writer, at least, like a good way to approach these challenging readings. So here it is again: In liturgical year B, we read from the First Letter of Saint John on the Sundays of Easter. Here's a description of the communities who received the original letter, adapted from the Introduction to the letter, in The New American Bible: They are specific Christian communities,
  1. some of whose members were advocating false doctrines (2:18f-26; 3:7).
  2. These errors are here recognized and rejected (4:4);
  3. although their advocates have left the community (2:19),
  4. the threat posed by them remains (3:11).
  5. They have refused to acknowledge that Jesus is the Christ (2:22),
  6. the Son of God (2:23)
  7. who came into the world as true man (4:2).
  8. They are difficult people to deal with,
  9. claiming special knowledge of God
  10. but disregarding the divine commandments (2:4),
  11. particularly the commandment of love of neighbor (4:8),
  12. and refusing to accept faith in Christ as the source of sanctification (1:6; 2:6-9).
  13. Thus they are denying the redemptive value of Jesus' death (5:6).
Now let's look at the reading verse by verse.
My children, I am writing this to you so that you may not commit sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous one. Since holding false doctrine leads to sin (the sin of dividing the community, if nothing else), the author wants to protect his readers from both. In the event of sin, though, relief comes through the advocacy of Jesus. This refutes the heretics' notions numbered 12 and 13, above.
He is expiation for our sins, and not for our sins only but for those of the whole world. This verse, too, addresses points 12 and 13.
The way we may be sure that we know him is to keep his commandments. Cf. points 9 and 10, above. A variety of ancient religions claimed to reveal knowledge (in Greek "gnosis," pronounced with a silent g like the silent k in our word "knowledge.") of God that was otherwise hidden from the unknowing. Adherents of these sects were called Gnostics, and the movement in general, Gnosticism. Christianity, in contrast, was always public, and nothing is more public than God's commandments. Also public knowledge, for the most part, is whether or not one keeps the commandments. In any case, with this verse the author is saying you don't need Gnostic secrets in order to be sure that you know God. What you need is readily available.
Whoever says, "I know him," but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him. This reiterates the author's condemnation of the heretics on the previous point.
[verse 5a] But whoever keeps his word, the love of God is truly perfected in him. Verse 5a again emphasizes the importance of keeping the commandments. The Catholic lectionary selection, at least in the United States, ends at this verse.
[verse 5b] This is the way we may know that we are in union with him: [verse 6] whoever claims to abide in him ought to live (just) as he lived. Verses 5b and 6 go on to invoke the example of Jesus' earthly life as the standard for knowing God/keeping God's commands.

Proclaiming It: From the above, you know the argument the author is making and how each verse contributes to it. While argumentative, the author also paternal, and that side outweighs the lawyerly. So emphasize the concerned, gentle, paternal side. I'd read this in the voice of a loving elder who is worried that people he loves might get into trouble. He wants to scold only gently, if at all, and assure them that it's quite possible to stay on the right path.


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Several other commentaries on these passages. All are thoughtful, all quite readable, from the scholarly to the popular.
Links may be incomplete more than a few weeks before the "due date."
Archived weekly column of the late Father Francis X. Cleary, S.J. (Log in using 0026437 and 63137.) From the site of the Saint Louis Review


Lutheran pastor and college teacher Dan Nelson's notes for a study group
Dan discusses 1 John 3:1-7 as second reading today.

Father Roger Karban of Belleville, Illinois, USA, writes a newspaper column about every Sunday's readings. Here are his essays for today's passages, from: courtesy of The Evangelist, official publication of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany, New York, or of The Belleville Messenger, of the Diocese of Belleville, or the National Catholic Reporter.

Read all of Father Karban's recent columns here, at the site of FOSIL, the Faithful of Southern Illinois.

The Text This Week; links to homilies, art works, movies and other resources on the week's scripture themes Saint Louis University's excellent Sunday liturgy site. This link is Sunday's "Looking More Closely at the Word" page, with links to essays by six authors, about the various readings.

Other links here take you to pages labeled "Praying Toward Sunday" and "Spirituality for Sunday." A very rich resource.

(Caveat lector. As of February 27, 2015, Lector's Notes' author is speculating about the exact URL of SLU's offering, since it's not yet posted. If you get a 404 Not Found, try here).

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Last modified: February 27, 2015