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Second Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year A, January 19, 2014
Lectionary index # 64

Twenty-second digests for the congregation: Arrange with your liturgy committee to have these brief historical introductions read to the assembly before you do each reading.

Who should announce these before the first and second readings, and before the gospel acclamation? They're not Scripture, nor homiletic, so they shouldn't be delivered from the ambo. They're a modest teaching. So let the presider say them from the chair. Let the lector turn toward the presider and listen.
Print this page, cut it at the blue lines, and give the introduction paragraphs to the person who will speak them.


Second Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year A, January 19, 2014
Before the first reading:

During Judah's difficult restoration after exile, the prophet meditates on the joys and pains of being called by God for special service. This may apply to the prophet himself, or to the people as a whole. Jesus applied this to himself, and the gospel writers did, too.
After the psalm, before the second reading:

Paul begins his first letter to the Corinthians by asserting his authority as an apostle. He reminds his audience that they're called to be holy, as are all, everywhere, who invoke the name of Jesus.
Before the gospel acclamation:

John the Baptist give Jesus two titles, and makes three other assertions about Jesus' importance.

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First reading, Isaiah 49:3, 5-6 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

Our Liturgical Setting: It's time to begin another Sunday-by-Sunday journey with Jesus in his public ministry. Today's gospel, John1:29-34 gives us John the Baptist passing the torch, if you will, to Jesus. John first calls Jesus "Lamb of God," then ascribes to Jesus a baptism more potent than his own, and finally names Jesus "Son of God." That title, and the inaugural nature of this Sunday, may govern this choice of first reading.

The Literary and Theological Background: Scholars have called this and three similar passages from this section of Isaiah (chapters 40-55) the Songs of the Suffering Servant. They're about a mysterious figure, who sometimes speaks in the first person, and whom God sometimes addresses. Sometimes the Servant is described as a prophet, sometimes as one whose suffering brings about a benefit for the people. In the original author's mind, the servant was probably a figure for the people of Israel, or for a faithful remnant within the people. The gospels clearly show that Jesus, and the early church, saw aspects of Jesus' own life and mission foreshadowed in the Servant Songs, and the church refers to all of them throughout the liturgical year. Today's is from the second servant song; we read a more complete version of it, Isaiah 49:1-6, on the feast of the birth of John the Baptist. The first servant song, Isaiah 42: 1-7, was our first reading last week, on the feast of the Baptism of the Lord. On Passion Sunday, we proclaim the third, Isaiah 50:4-7, and on Good Friday, the fourth, Isaiah 52:13-53:12.

The Structure of This Passage: Note that the Lord speaks first ("You are my servant, ..."), then the Servant, and then the Lord again ("It is too little, ..."). Jacob and Israel are both names for the same people (indeed, they were both names of the same patriarch). Mark these changes with pauses and changes in tone of voice.

To prepare your proclamation, read this two ways:

  1. You're the Servant of the Lord. God loves you in a special way, but the mission to which God calls you is frightening.
  2. You have to announce that mission to audiences that may be indifferent or hostile. Indeed, you have to get your audience to see themselves as the Lord's Servant with you, a very tall order.
So first, read the passage as if it's the private rehearsal for the announcement, then read it as if you are actually making the speech. In your actual proclamation, give it like the forceful, dramatic speech it is.

God wants that people brought back to himself, but that's not all: God furthermore wants to make the servant, that is the people, a beacon for other nations, that God's salvation may reach all the earth. This is the revolutionary part of the message, for most peoples still conceived their gods as local, territorial and tribal. A God whose care is universal was (and remains) a hard sell, needing courageous servants who can make the case convincingly. Deliver it with a strong finish. Nothing more important was ever said.

Second Reading, 1 Corinthians 1:1-3 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

The Structure of Ancient Letters, and This Passage: This is the beginning of Saint Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians, and you should announce it as such, not just (another) "reading from..." Remember from high school English, the first three elements of a business letter: heading, inside address, and salutation. They're all here, but in sentence form, according to the ancient standard. Let's review them, one by one.

The heading or letterhead announces that this is from Paul and Sosthenes (SOS the knees) and that Paul is "called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God." That level of authority is important for what follows, which we'll read on future Sundays.

The inside address shows the letter is for all members of the church at Corinth. This was a bawdy seaport in cosmopolitan Greece. The vices of every seaport, plus the philosophical ferment of ancient Greece, are part of these peoples' lives, and give rise, in part, to the need for this letter. Right off the bat, Paul reminds them they're "sanctified and called to be holy" like all who call on the name of Jesus.

The salutation is not just "Dear Corinthians," but a wish for their "grace and peace."

In your proclamation, pause between the elements as described above. Emphasize the word "apostle" in the first sentence. Pause before "to the church." And pause once more before "Grace to you ..."

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Several other commentaries on these passages. All are thoughtful, all quite readable, from the scholarly to the popular.
Links may be incomplete more than a few weeks before the "due date."
Archived weekly column of Father Francis X. Cleary, S.J. (Log in using 0026437 and 63137.)


Lutheran pastor and college teacher Dan Nelson's notes for a study group (Heading might say January 20, 2002, but the page is about our readings on January 16, 2011.)

Father Roger Karban of Belleville, Illinois, USA, writes a newspaper column about every Sunday's readings. Here are his essays for today's passages, from: courtesy of The Evangelist, official publication of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany, New York, or of The Belleville Messenger, of the Diocese of Belleville.

Read all of Father Karban's recent columns here, at the site of FOSIL, the Faithful of Southern Illinois.

The Text This Week; links to homilies, art works, movies and other resources on the week's scripture themes Saint Louis University's excellent Sunday liturgy-preparation site

The Lectionary selections in the frame at the left, if any, are there for your convenience. The publishers of the page in that frame have no connection, except for membership in the one Body of Christ, with the publisher of this page. Likewise the publishers of the pages on the links above.

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Last modified: December 1, 2013