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Sixth Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year B, February 15, 2015
Lectionary index # 77

Twenty-second digests for the congregation: Arrange with your liturgy committee to have these brief historical introductions read to the assembly before you do each reading.
Print this page, cut it at the blue lines, and give the introduction paragraphs to the person who will speak them.
Sixth Sunday of Ordinary Time, Year B, February 15, 2015
Before the first reading:

Leviticus is a book primarily about the holiness of God, and the ritual holiness or cleanliness needed to serve God worthily. For Levitical priests, that meant, among other things, not being a leper and not being in contact with lepers.
After the psalm, before the second reading:

In pagan Corinth, many people sacrificed food and drink to their gods. The idols didn't eat it, and their priests resold some of it as groceries. Christians wondered if they could eat such food. Saint Paul gives a wise answer in a broader context.
Before the gospel acclamation:

Jesus touches and heals a leper in this passage. In the ancient context, that touching was more remarkable than the healing.

First reading, Leviticus 13:1-2, 44-46 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

Our Liturgical Setting: In today's gospel, from our year-long sequence of readings from Mark, Jesus cures a leper. The first reading gives us background about the place of lepers in that society.

The Literary Background: Relatively late translators titled this book "Leviticus" because almost all of it concerns the ritual duties of the many priests in the tribe of Levi. But ancient Hebrew writings took their titles from the first word of their text. In this book, the first word means "and he called," that is, "and the Lord called Moses." Called Moses (and the Israelites) to what? To holiness, as in the frequent refrain in the book, "Be you holy as I, the Lord, am holy." Now there are many definitions of holiness, but I maintain that the original one, and the genius of Israelite religion, is the call to be "separated, distinct," as in

And how is the Lord unlike other gods? Precisely by overcoming the divine-human chasm that dominates pagan religion, and being God with the people: with them in their perilous journey, with them in the Law that can make their lives and their society excellent and humane. And the people are to be holy, that is unlike other peoples, by behaving as people who know their God chooses to be near them.

(Ironically, a holiness that started as separateness becomes communion. The later Christian doctrine that the man Jesus is the incarnation of the Son of God, one person truly God and truly human, sharing the human condition even unto death, takes this meaning of holiness even further. The Spirit of Jesus at work in his church wasted no time in prompting the church to broaden the call to holiness to a universal one. In God's long secret design now revealed, all people are called not to separateness but to union. That's as far as the idea of holiness will get in our lifetimes. But we are ahead of ourselves.)

This is a subtle call, as evidenced by the number of times you had to read the preceding paragraphs. To make this commandment of holiness practical and concrete is difficult. It requires unusual wisdom, patience and courage. Sometimes the best that priests could do was to stress the need for ritual purity. That may seem like a pale substitute, but we shouldn't judge the ancients too harshly. It was a long journey from magical, materialistic religion to a spiritual one. Our notions of individual responsibility and the importance of intention, not just action, hadn't dawned on these folks yet. For now, as the introduction to Leviticus in the 1970 edition of the New American Bible says, "Generally speaking, the laws contained in the book serve to teach the Israelites that they should always keep themselves in a state of legal purity, or external sanctity, as a sign of their intimate union with the Lord."

The Historical Background: And this is the trouble with lepers. If you are one or if you come in contact with one, you're not "looking good" enough to do your ritual duties. The issue is not contagion as a threat to physical health. (The condition here called leprosy wasn't contagious; leprosy as we know it didn't enter the Middle East until later.) It's that you have to be fit to come before the holy God, fit even on the outside.

Proclaiming It: Here is a periodic and general reminder to speak slowly while proclaiming the word of God. So that your listeners begin to "get it" as early as possible, read the one- and two-syllable words of the first sentence slowly, making sure everyone hears the vivid words "scab or pustule or blotch." In the rest of the sentences, emphasize the word "unclean."

Second Reading, 1 Corinthians 10:31-11:1 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

The Historical Background: Corinth was a Greek seaport. The combination of sailors' morals, Greek philosophy, and religious ideas shipped in from all around made for a potent brew. Categories hadn't begun to harden into simple "Protestant, Catholic and Jew." Saint Paul worked to help the nascent Christian community find the truths that would keep it distinct from its pagan neighbors (see above).

So questions came up that, from our distant vantage point, seem bizarre. One such question was, "Is it OK for us to eat foods that have been previously used in pagan worship rituals?" Apparently the thrifty pagans sold or took home what the gods did not consume; a Christian could find himself shopping in a market or invited to a home where such goods were offered. In prior verses Paul has told them of course they cannot participate in pagan worship, but of course they can later buy or eat such food "without raising any question of conscience." But if someone objects "That food has been offered to idols," the Christian is to refrain, not because the idols mean anything, but in order not to scandalize the other person.

Then he sums it up, "All things are lawful, but not all are advantageous" (verse 23), and, in our selection, "whether you eat or drink, whatever you do, do it for the glory of God. Give no offense to Jew or Greek or the church of God."

Proclaiming It: Read this slowly and with authority, as if you were summing up the preceding teaching (which is what the author was doing). Now you know the subtleties behind the words. Speak them with the conviction that comes from that understanding.


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Several other commentaries on these passages. All are thoughtful, all quite readable, from the scholarly to the popular.
Links may be incomplete more than a few weeks before the "due date."
Lutheran pastor and college teacher Dan Nelson's notes for a study group
Dan covers a different Old Testament story about leprosy, the same gospel passage from Mark that Catholics read, and an earlier passage from 1 Corinthians.


Archived weekly column of the late Father Francis X. Cleary, S.J. (Log in using 0026437 and 63137.) From the site of the Saint Louis Review.

Father Roger Karban of Belleville, Illinois, USA, writes a newspaper column about every Sunday's readings. Here are his essays for today's passages, from: courtesy of The Evangelist, official publication of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany, New York, or of The Belleville Messenger, of the Diocese of Belleville.

Read all of Father Karban's recent columns here, at the site of FOSIL, the Faithful of Southern Illinois.

The Text This Week; links to homilies, art works, movies and other resources on the week's scripture themes Saint Louis University's excellent Sunday liturgy site.
(available about two weeks before the Sunday. Link represents this author's best guess, as of December 24, 2014, what the actual URL will be.)

The Lectionary selections in the frame at the left, if any, are there for your convenience. The publishers of the page in that frame have no connection, except for membership in the one Body of Christ, with the publisher of this page. Likewise the publishers of the pages on the links above.


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Last modified: December 23, 2014