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Vigil of Pentecost (Saturday evening)

Year C, May 18, 2013
Lectionary index # 62

Twenty-second digests for the congregation: Arrange with your liturgy committee to have these brief historical introductions read to the assembly before you do each reading.

Who should announce these before the first and second readings, and before the gospel acclamation? They're not Scripture, nor homiletic, so they shouldn't be delivered from the ambo. They're a modest teaching. So let the presider say them from the chair. Let the lector turn toward the presider and listen.
Print this page, cut it at the blue lines, and give the introduction paragraphs to the person who will speak them.


Vigil of Pentecost (Saturday evening), Year B, May 18, 2013
Lectionary index # 62
Before the first reading, if from Genesis:

An ancient story tries to explain a puzzling human phenomenon. But it adds theological nuance, reminding humans that we don't share all the privileges of God.
Before the first reading, if from Exodus:

An ancient story of a theophany, a terrifying appearance of God upon earth, is linked with a tender invitation to be God's special people, a kingdom entirely of priests, a truly holy nation.
Before the first reading, if from Ezekiel:

For a despairing, exiled people, a startling, graphic image tells of the power of the spirit of God to revive them.
Before the first reading, if from Joel:

The prophet Joel, dismayed by the oppression of his people, foresaw a terrible Day of the Lord, when the unfaithful, especially Judah's enemies, would be destroyed. The faithful will be filled with God's spirit, and be rescued.
After the psalm, before the second reading:

Paul assesses the great change in humanity that God has begun to work in Christ. So great is God's project, that all creation, not just people, are to be changed. It is an ongoing struggle, to which the Spirit of God bears steady witness.
Before the gospel acclamation:

In a desert country, water is the most precious commodity. Jesus uses water as an image of the refreshment that his Spirit will grant to those who give their hearts to him.

To pay for use of the words above, please subtract an equal number of optional words from other places in the liturgy (click here for some suggestions).

Note: Alternate first readings include Exodus 19:3-8a, 16-20b; Ezekiel 37:1-14; Joel 3:1-5. Check with your liturgy commission.
In 2013, all these readings are listed consecutively here, in the NAB translation, and, if the 2011 precedent holds, here in the Jerusalem Bible translation (below the Sunday readings).

First reading, Genesis 11:1-9 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

The Theological Background (possibly): There are a number of ways, of course, to interpret this ancient fable. The one I favor emphasizes the temerity of the people and the outraged response of God. They say, "Let us make a name for ourselves," and God grumbles that "nothing will later stop them from doing whatever they presume to do."

This interpretation links chapter 11 of Genesis with chapter 3, the story of the fall. There the bold couple fell for the serpent's offer, "become like gods, deciding what is good and what is evil," and the one real God could only respond by scattering them out of Eden.

Proclaiming It: If you accept this interpretation of Genesis 11, then use your voice to bring out the audacious nature of the tower plan. Make God's response sound emphatic and determined. You're describing an epic argument here. Make it sound like one.

In both the New American Bible, translation, commonly used in American Catholic churches, and the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible used in most U.S. Protestant churches, the ambitious builders use bitumen for mortar. How are you going to pronounce "bitumen?" It's bih TYOO mn. To hear it on your computer, click here, then click on the word Bitumen.

Our Liturgical Setting: The purpose of using this reading today is to set the stage for God to undo the confusion of human languages. By the Pentecost miracle, people of many languages simultaneously hear one gospel, and the church is set on its mission to unite humankind again under one God.


Detailed Notes about the following alternate readings will appear soon.

Alternate First reading, Exodus 19:3-8a, 16-20b [Jerusalem Bible translation]

Alternate First reading, Ezekiel 37:1-14 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

Alternate First reading, Joel 3:1-5 (All three alternate readings follow the Genesis selection.) [Jerusalem Bible translation]

Second Reading, Romans 8:22-27 [Jerusalem Bible translation]

The Theological Context: Paul is realistic about how difficult it is to maintain Christian hope and faith in a hostile world. Perhaps to give us company in this struggle, he says that all of creation, not just ourselves, is longing for some kind of transformation. Here are the preceding verses:

Rom 8:19-21

For creation awaits with eager expectation the revelation of the children of God; for creation was made subject to futility, not of its own accord but because of the one who subjected it, in hope that creation itself would be set free from slavery to corruption and share in the glorious freedom of the children of God.

I suspect this is not a premise in Paul's logic, but a conclusion made necessary by Paul's vision of the greatness of what God has wrought in Christ. In other words, God's present and future transformation of us is so astounding that it can only be happening in the context of a universal transformation of nature as well as of humankind. So, in solidarity with nature, we groan about the unfinished condition we are in. But we have hope, given by the Spirit, of complete redemption.

Proclaiming It: Before you read Paul's switch from the groaning paragraph to the further discussion of hope, pause.

When you then say, "For in hope we were saved," sound like you're giving a solution to the problem you just described.

"Now hope that sees is not hope." What kind of hope is not hope? Hope that sees (Or, as the RSV translates it, "Now hope that is seen is not hope.") As lector, use your inflection to ensure that you identify this particular bogus hope. Don't make it sound like the simple contradiction, "Hope is not hope."

Pause again where Paul begins the discussion of the Spirit's help in our praying.

Several other commentaries on these passages. All are thoughtful, all quite readable, from the scholarly to the popular.
Links may be incomplete more than a few weeks before the "due date."
Bible Study pages of Saint Charles Borromeo Catholic Church, Picayune, Mississippi Scholar Reginald Fuller's commentary on the vigil readings, courtesy of Saint Louis University's Center for Liturgy.

(Caveat lector. As of April 14, 2013, Lector's Notes' author is speculating about the exact URL of SLU's offering, since it's not yet posted. If you get a 404 Not Found, try here).

The Lectionary selections in the frame at the left, if any, are there for your convenience. The publishers of the page in that frame have no connection, except for membership in the one Body of Christ, with the publisher of this page. Likewise the publishers of the pages on the links above.


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Last modified: April 14, 2013