Ask your presider to tell your listeners (or tell them yourself):

Twenty-eighth Sunday of Ordinary Time, October 9, 2022

Before the first reading:

Naaman was army commander of a tribe that was a rival of Israel. He had leprosy, and by a strange series of events, he came to Israel's prophet Elisha for a cure.

After the psalm, before the second reading:

The senior apostle Paul writes from prison to the junior church leader Timothy. By way of encouraging Timothy, Paul quotes an early Christian hymn.

Before the gospel acclamation:

Jesus continues to make his way to Jerusalem, where death and resurrection await him. He praises the faith of someone not a member of the fold.

First Reading, 2 Kings 5:14-17

The Liturgical Context, The Whole Literary Context: Today's gospel, Luke 17:11-19, shows Jesus marveling again at the faith displayed by non-believers, compared to the faith shown by Jesus' own people. The first reading, if an assembly has the good fortune to hear it in context, is a perfect introduction to the gospel. Let the lector start by both reading the gospel and mastering the first reading's context, studying all of The Second Book of Kings, chapter 5. I urge the lector to persuade the presider that you should proclaim, at Sunday mass, verses 1 through 19 of chapter five, and not just begin at the end. (The superficial similarities between first reading and gospel are the references to the curing of leprosy and to gratitude. But the subtler and more important issues in both readings are where is the real God, where is real faith to be found, and what is the scope of God's care.)

The Theological Background: Here's why Naaman ("NAY mun" or "NAY uh mun") wanted two mule-loads of earth from the territory of the prophet Elisha ("ee LIE shuh", not to be confused with his mentor Elijah). Most people at this time had a crude, physical, territorial notion of divinity. It was just understood that one god governed the land of Aram, and another god held sway over the territory of Israel, and so on. If you wanted to worship the god of Israel, you had to go to that god's turf. But if you could take some of Israel's soil with you, you could dump it on the ground anywhere, stand on it, and worship the god of Israel from there.

Pronouncing those names:

Click the wedge in the audio control to hear the name on the left.

The audio clips come from The Bible Workshop.

Your Proclamation: Tell this vivid story like you would tell any story full of conflicts, mistrust, pathos, self-righteousness, conversion of heart, and surprise. Exaggerate the pettiness of the king of Israel, who suspects the king of Aram of picking a fight. Do the same for Naaman, when he makes a chauvinistic comparison of the Jordan to the rivers of his homeland. Make Elisha sound supremely confident.

Second Reading, 2 Timothy 2:8-13

The Historical and Literary Considerations: In the church at Ephesus, Timothy held an office that would evolve into that of a bishop. Paul, senior apostle now in prison, loved his young friend of long standing and one-time missionary companion. Today's passage is part of Paul's encouragement to Timothy. It's not a structured theological treatise, but more a collection of pithy sayings designed to bolster Timothy. Note that Paul is not too modest to cite his own experiences if that's what the disciple needs to know.

The Lector's Proclamation: Shout triumphantly Paul's defiant statement: "The word of God is not chained." Emphasize, too, Paul's reason for enduring all this, "so that they [we] too may attain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus, together with eternal glory."

Note the hymnic structure of the last eight clauses. This was probably a hymn well known in Timothy's church. While I'm not advocating that you chant it from the lectern Sunday, do respect its meter. Perhaps you remember the setting of this by Lucien Deiss, from the 1960's or so. Deiss used these as some of the verses for "Keep in Mind." Even if you don't remember that, if you are at all musical, try to imagine how this would sound set to music. Then let that mental music control the cadence, contrasts, pauses and emphases in your proclamation.


Links to other smart commentaries on this week's readings

Credit for the picture at the top:

My choice of this photo is an admittedly poor play on the words in today's second reading, "But the word of God is not chained." There was a time in Western history when those with books wanted to share them, but couldn't quite trust the public to leave the books accessible to others. So they created what are now called chained libraries.

This excellent photo is the work of site now hosted at, a service of several civic councils in Dorset, a county in South West England on the English Channel coast. The original photo is here, on the site-owner's flickr page. Rights to reproduce the image are governed by this Creative Commons License.

The photo shows part of the chained library at Wimborne Minster, a church in Wimborne, in eastern Dorset. For the church's own page about its historic library, click here.

This page updated October 3, 2022